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Article LII: The Soul

In the Upanishads, there are four mahavakyas (great sayings) which describe the relationship between Brahman and Atman (Soul, or Self). The mahavakyas are as follows: 1) Prajnanam Brahma -- Consciousness is Brahman; 2) Ayam Atma Brahma -- This Self is Brahman; 3) Tat Tvam Asi -- That Thou Art; 4) Aham Brahmasmi -- I am Brahman. Thus the ultimate Divinity of Brahman exists within and is no different than the true Soul within. The problem is that the Atman is sheathed by physical and mental layers, which must be transcended to reach ultimate Bliss. By orienting oneself to that Atman within, one can achieve righteousness in all action. Vedanta philosophy describes the paths to reach freedom from bondage caused by the coverings of the Self. In other words, Vedanta describes the ways to uncover or dis-cover the Self.

East-West Counseling & Meditation -- Modern Psychiatry Integration -- Himalayan Philosophy -- Penn & Stanford Medicine
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